Sailes

Sailes - what does Sailes surname mean?

This interesting surname has three possible derivations. Firstly, it may derive from an early medieval occupational name for someone employed as a servant at the hall or manor house, from the Olde English, Anglo-Saxon `sael`, hall (Middle English `sale`), reinforced by the Old French form `salle`, introduced by the Normans after the Conquest of 1066. The second possibility is that it is either a topographical or locational name, from the Olde English `salh`, a sallow tree, a low growing willow. The topographical form denotes residence by a sallow tree, while the locational name is from a place named with the word, such as Sale in Greater Manchester. Finally, the name may be of Old Scandinavian origin, as a topographical name for someone who lived by a pool, from the Old Norse `seyla`, pool. Variants of the surname in the modern idiom include: Sale, Saile, Sails, Sailes and Salle. William Saylles is recorded in 1379, in the Poll Tax Records of Yorkshire. Recordings from London Church Registers include: the marriage of James Sale and Ann Burbery, on November 8th 1652, at St. Martin in the Fields; the marriage of John Saill and Anne Southall, on May 6th 1736, at Lincoln`s Inn Chapel, Holborn; and the christening of John, son of Thomas and Sarah Saill, on September 13th 1748, at St. Sepulchre`s, London. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Hugh de Sailes, which was dated 1219, witness in the `Assize Court Rolls of Yorkshire`, during the reign of King Henry 111, known as `The Frenchman`, 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to `develop` often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

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