Quiney - what does Quiney surname mean?
This most interesting surname has three possible sources, all of Old Gaelic origin. Firstly, there is a strong possibility that the name is a variant of `Quinn`, the Anglicized form of the Gaelic `O Cuinn`, meaning the male descendant of Conn, from the prefix `O`, male descendant of, and the Gaelic personal name Conn, from `conn`, council; this sept were numerous in Tyrone. Secondly, Quiney may have derived as an unusual form of `Mawhinney`, (without Mac), which is the Anglicized form of the Gaelic `MacShuibhne`, composed of `Mac`, son of, and a personal name from `suibhne`, meaning pleasant, which is a County Antrim surname. From the former source one Niall O`Cuinn was killed at the Battle of Clontarf in 1014. Finally, the surname may be of Manx origin, found in the Isle of Man, from the Manx `Mac Connaidh`, meaning `son of Connaidh`, the personal name originating as a nickname for `the crafty one`. Marye Queenye married Phillip Davie on October 18th 1569, at St. Mary at Hill`s Church, London, while Bartholomew Quiny married Elizabeth Watts in November 9th 1591, at St. Dunstan in the East, London. Robert Quiney married Jane Urin on October 19th 1619, at St. Bride`s, Fleet Street, London. A Coat of Arms was granted to a Quiney family at Shottery in Warwickshire, which depicts a black bend with three silver trefoils slipped on a gold shield. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John Quinnye, which was dated 1429, in the `Name Rolls of the Isle of Man`, during the reign of King Henry V1, known as `The Founder of Eton`, 1422 - 1461. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to `develop` often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
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