Durman

Durman - what does Durman surname mean?

This interesting and unusual surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and has two possible sources. Firstly, it may be from the Middle English (1200 - 1500) personal name `Dere`, from the Olde English pre 7th Century `Deora` (in part a short form of various compound names with the first element `deor`, dear, in part a byname meaning `beloved`), and the Olde English `mann`, man. Secondly, it may be from a nickname, derived from the Middle English `dere`, from the Olde English `deor`, wild animal, or from the adjective of the same form, meaning `wild, fierce`, and the Olde English `mann`, as before. By the Middle English period the adjective was falling out of use, and the noun was beginning to be restricted to the sense of the modern English `deer`, a deer, so that this may be the sense of the surname in some cases. The personal name was first recorded as `Derman` in the Domesday Book of 1086. Recorded in the London Church Registers are the marriages of Richard Dorman and Agnes Rybbie on October 24th 1558 at St. Leonard`s, Eastcheap, and of William Dorman and Margarett Holte on August 30th 1572 at St. Giles`, Cripplegate. A Coat of Arms granted to the family is azure three leopards` faces silver, the Crest being a lion`s paw holding a tilting spear. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Derman, which was dated 1201, in the `Curia Regis Rolls of Yorkshire`, during the reign of King John, known as `Lackland`, 1199 - 1216. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to `develop` often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

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